Learn about the month of Muharram!



Takwim Hijrah atau Takwim Islam merupakan takwim yang digunakan di kebanyakan negara umat Islam untuk menentukan hari kebesaran Islam. The Hijiri (Islamic) calendar is very similar to the Gregorian calendar that we’d usually use and refer to in our daily lives (such as the month of January, February, etc). 

As Muslims, we should also take note on the months of Islam! The Hijiri calendar consists of 12 months in a year, with 354 or 355 days. The calendar begins with Muharram, followed by Safar, Rab-ul Awal, Rab-ul Akhir, Jumada-Awal, Jumada-Akhir, Rajab, Sha’ban, Ramadhan, Syawal, Dhul-Qidah and ends with Dhul-Hijjah. Boleh ingat ikut susunan kan? Bagus.  :)

Sebagaimana dinyatakan dalam Al-Quran:
Sesungguhnya bilangan bulan-bulan di sisi (hukum) Allah ialah dua belas bulan, (yang telah ditetapkan) dalam Kitab Allah semasa Ia menciptakan langit dan bumi, di antaranya empat bulan yang dihormati. [ At-Taubah 9:36]

Muharram adalah bulan pertama dalam tahun Hijrah. The month of Muharram is special, for it is one of the 4 sacred months in the Hijiri calendar. The other 3 other sacred months other than Muharram are: Dhul-Qaidah, Dhul-Hijjah and Rejab.
Sebagaimana dinyatakan dalam Hadis:

The Prophet (s.a.w) said :“The year is of twelve months, four of which are sacred; three consecutive months, Dhul-Qidah, Dhul-Hijjah, and Muharram and Rejab…” [Al-Bukhari # 2511]

As a sacred month, it’s best to increase in doing good deeds such as fasting and sadaqah! And by sacred, it signifies the importance, status and adoration of this month by Allah! In fact, good deeds done during these months will be more greatly rewarded, insyallah. :) 

Sebagaimana dinyatakan dalam Hadis:

The Prophet (pbuh) said: “The best month of fasting after Ramadhan is the month of Allah - Muharram” [Sahih Muslim]

Hari Asyura merupakan salah satu hari yang diraikan oleh umat Islam. Asyura berasal daripada perkataan Arab, asyara yang bermaksud sepuluh. Ini disebabkan hari Asyura adalah hari yang kesepuluh di dalam kalendar Islam iaitu pada 10 Muharam. Mengikut masyarakat Islam, hari Asyura telah menyaksikan banyak sejarah besar dan keajaiban berlaku ke atas para nabi. Disebabkan itu, masyarakat Islam menghormati hari tersebut seperti juga yang diamalkan oleh Muhammad s.a.w. ;))

The day of ‘Asyura is greatly related to the story concerning Prophet Musa (or Moses a.s), where he was saved by Allah by his enemies and Firaun at the Red Sea. When Prophet Musa (a.s) was cornered by Firaun and his army, he asked Allah to help him escape.

Sebagaimana dinyatakan dalam Hadis:

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (r.a): The Prophet (s.a.w.) came to Madinah and found the Jews fasting on the day of ‘Asyura. He asked them: “Why are you fasting on this day?” They said: “This ia a great day, Allah saved the Prophet Musa (a.s) and the tribes of Israil from their enemies, and therefore Musa (a.s) fasted to it”. The prophet (pbuh) said: “We have more right to Musa (a.s) than you”. So he fasted on that day also and ordered the people to fast as well. [Al-Bukhari & Muslim]

To fast on the day of ‘Asyura is the highlight of the month of Muharram. The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) observed fasting on this day to express his gratitude to Allah, hence, we Muslims should too. ;)

Take note
that it is permissible to fast on the day of ‘Asyura only, but it is better to fast a day before OR after as this is a sunnah act. So, fasting of ‘Asyura can be on the 9th and 10th of Muharram OR 10th and 11th of Muharram. Ingat tauuuu!

Did you know that the reward of fasting of the day of ‘Asyura is an expiation (deletion) of sins for the year before? Masyallah!

Sebagaimana dinyatakan dalam Hadis:

When the Prophet (pbuh) fasted on the day of ‘Asyura, the people told him that this is a day that the Jews and Christians honour. The Prophet (pbuh) said: “When the following year comes, Allah willing, we shall fast both of the 9th and 10th day of Muharram” (That is to be different from the Jews and the Christians). The Prophet (pbuh) however passed away before the following year. [Muslim]

The Prophet (pbuh) said: “Fasting on the day of ‘Asyura, I hope will be an expiation of sins for the year before”. [Sahih Muslim, vol 1 # 368]

Jangan lupe nanti kita sama² lah berpuasa okey? ;))

3 comments:

♥Lady Ainaa♥ said...

Nice sharing sis about Maal Hijrah..tengs...Salam Maal Hijrah to u..May Allah bless u and ur family too..hehehehe..*nak sambung membace entry sis*

9n0L4 said...

TQ ainaa. baru mule nak berblogging sebenarnya. hee. so, tak banyak post la setakat ni. enjoylah bace ape yang ade ye. nanti update lagi. SALAM MAAL HIJRAH jugak buat ainaa & family, ;)

Wanieys a.k.a IbuQalief said...

perkongsian tentang maal hijrah...sgt menarik n bagus sis...thanks sharing kat sini...banyak ilmu yg boleh wani dpt :)

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